The basic principles of Buddhism
Written concisely, in simple English, for the layman, by HeinRich@bellemodel.biz
- The Buddha is our teacher and guide.
- We take refuge in the Buddha, his teachings and the Buddhist community.
- We do not believe that this world is created and ruled by a god.
- The purpose of life is to develop compassion for all living beings without discrimination and to work for their good, happiness and peace; and to develop wisdom leading to the realization of the ultimate truth.
- The 4 noble truths:
- Our existence in this world is a predicament, impermanent, imperfect, unsatisfactory and full of conflict.
- This state of affairs is due to our egoistic selfishness (ignorance, hate, greed) based on the false idea of a self.
- It is possible to be liberated from this predicament by the total eradication of our egoistic selfishness.
- This liberation can be achieved by following the 8-fold path which leads to the abandonment of greed, hatred and delusion and eventually leads to Nirvana.
This 8-fold path can be summarized as: "Live in moderation" (the middle path).
| 3-fold partition|| 8-fold path|| Method of practice|
Do not lie.
Do not kill.
Do not steal.
Do not fuck around.
Do not get drunk or drugged.
| Right speech|| No lying.|
No rude speech.
Only speaking that which leads to salvation.
| Right action|| No killing or injurying.|
No taking what is not given.
No sensual misconduct.
| Right livelihood|| Earn your living in an ethical way.|
Mind over matter. The mind is the principal area of taming and control.
| Right Effort|| Guard against sensual thoughts; aim at preventing unwholesome states that disrupt meditation.|
| Right mindfulness|| Be conscious of what you are doing.|
Keep in mind the 4 Noble Truths, the 5 skandhas, the 5 hindrances and the 7 factors of awakening.
| Right concentration|| and meditation.|
|WISDOM|| Right view|| The belief that there is an afterlife and not everything ends with death.|
The belief in the principles of karma and rebirth.
Knowledge of the 4 Noble Truths.
| Right intention|| Give up the causes of suffering (Put to rest and eradicate greed, hatred, and stupidity. Live an ascetic lifestyle.), give up ill-will and adopt harmlessness. It contrasts with craving for worldly things (wealth, sex, power) and the wish to harm.|
- There is a universal law of cause and effect. It also implies that everything is relative, interdependent, interrelated and that nothing is absolute, permanent or everlasting.
- There are 3 ways of attaining enlightenment. Although the last is the highest and noblest, they are on the same path.
- as a private/silent buddha (pratyekabuddha)
- as a disciple
- as a priest (samyaksambuddha, Bodhisattva)
- Although Buddhism is expressed in different ways in different cultures, those external forms and expressions should not be confused with these essential teachings of the Buddha.
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This page has been updated on the 2021-04-18.